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Diagnosis and Treatment for Alopecia Areata

Alopecia Areata is a fungal infection caused by fungus on the scalp of the human body. This disease is prevalent to both males and females. This disease may be found in existence even in people who have a healthy body and have no signs of skin disorders. Alopecia Areata is generally found prevalent during the early childhood, the teenage of human life and also occurs irrespective of age factor.

Alopecia Areata is a common disease and results in the reduction of hair in the form of spots in the scalp. This disease results in the loss of hair volume and it can appear on any place of the scalp. There are the existences of various kinds of Alopecia Areata such as:

  1. Diffuse Alopecia Areata
  2. Alopecia Areata barbae
  3. Alopecia Areata multiocularis
  4. Alopecia Areata monolocularis
  5. Alopecia Areata totalis

The main symptoms for Alopecia Areata are due to the hereditary factors and due to the existence of autoimmune diseases. But the disease is considered to be a non-contagious disease and it results in the attack of the autoimmune in the hair follicles thereby resulting in the hair reduction. The existence of the T-cell lymphocytes is also defined as the main cause for the hair loss and it causes inflammation in the hair follicles. Emotional stress is also one of the factors for the evolution of Alopecia Areata.

The symptoms for Alopecia Areata arise as small and soft bald patches on the scalp and take the shape of a circle. The hair reduction in the particular area causes inflammation and tingle which leads to severe pain. This process promotes the hair fall in a shorter period and makes one side of the scalp for more hair reduction. The presence of exclamation hair points is also termed as one of the indicator for Alopecia Areata. A popular technique involved in the diagnosis of Alopecia Areata is by pulling off strands of hair from the scalp which helps in the determination of the disease. If all the hair pulled comes off in one tug, it is said to be indicative of Alopecia Areata since normally pulling hair does not result in ripping of hair as in the case of the above infection.

There is no permanent cure for the disease Alopecia Areata and it is predicted that most of the patients try to induce hair growth within a period of one year without the involvement of any treatment. Only some patients are not prone to the re-growth of hair and uses as treatment the medications cobetasol and fluocinonide. Some of the specialized treatments involved for curing Alopecia Areata is the promotion of steroid injections, minioxidil, topical immunotherapy and usage of cream. Hair implantation is also suggested by the trichologists to the patients and the usage of wigs is also recommended for females for the disease of Alopecia Areata.