Header Graphic

The Lowdown On Chromium

Chromium is an essential mineral required by the human body at certain levels. The level of chromium desired for human health and the performance of mechanism in the human body are not clearly defined by the recent studies in science. The presence of chromium exists in two forms namely, the trivalent form dynamically present in food and hexavalent form of poisonous substance evolving from the industrial pollution.

Chromium promotes the level of the hormone insulin towards metabolism and stimulates the storage of carbohydrate, fat and protein in the human body. During the year 1957, an element in the brewer’s yeast was detected to avert an age related decline in the body of the rats to maintain normal level of glucose level in the blood. Later in the year 1959, it was identified that chromium was the active ingredient present in the “glucose tolerance factor”.

Most of the foods have small amounts of chromium. Meat, whole-grain products, fruits, vegetables and spices are good sources and have rich content of chromium. Foods having the presence of simple sugars like sucrose and fructose have low level of chromium. The level of chromium cannot be determined in the nutritional products because the content of chromium naturally gets affected by the process of manufacturing and agriculture and thereby results in the contamination of food with chromium.

The level of chromium absorption from the intestinal tract ranges less than 0.4% to 2.5% of the consumption amount and the balance is excreted in the feces. Vitamin C found in fruits, vegetables, juices and Vitamin B found in meats, poultry, grain products and fish enhances the level of absorption of chromium in the body. The chromium thus absorbed by the body is stored in the liver, spleen, bone and soft tissue.

Various conditions that decrease the level of chromium in the body are diets having simple sugars of more than 35% calories, infection, pregnancy, acute exercise, lactation and stressful states like physical trauma. During the year 1960, chromium was used to correct the glucose intolerance and insulin resistance in the body of the deficient animals. These two indicators helped in determining the blood sugar levels of type 2 diabetes. The existences of actual chromium deficiency in human beings are found exceptional. The results of three patients hospitalized fed frequently showed symbols of diabetes having weight loss, neuropathy and unleveled glucose tolerance. Adding chromium to their food at the dosage of 150 to 250mcg per day cured them to a certain extent in their diabetes level within two weeks. Frequent consumption of chromium helps in the reduction of sugar level in the body.

Researches have proved that older people have decrease in the ratio of chromium thereby resulting in hair loss, sweat and blood when compared with the younger people. The level of chromium cannot be determined easily because blood, urine and hair do not provide proper results of the body. There prevails no existence of chromium specific enzyme or biomedical marker to determine the level of chromium in the human body.